Word love in bible

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Lewis wrote a book called The Four Lovesdealing with the four classical loves, usually spoken of by their Greek names, Eros, Storge, Philiaand Agape. Those of us who have grown up in evangelical churches have probably heard of at least two. Although only two of these actual words Philia and Agape show up in the Bible, all four kinds of love are there. In this post, I want to define each of these terms, point to examples of them in Scripture, and exhort the reader to practice them in a godly way.

This is the story of Boaz and Ruth. We know that Jacob loved Rachel, and we can hope that she loved him in return. But their union was hard-won, and though blessing came of it, a lot of sorrow came as well. Romantic love is not the focus here either. We are told in Judges that Samson fell in love with Delilah. But his lustful obsession, dishonorable conduct, and hatred for her subsequent to violating her all indicate that it was not really love, but base lust. Beyond the occasional nod to love like this in the narratives, the Old Testament is short on Eros.

However, there are two marvelous examples of human romantic love in the Old Testament. The first is found in the Song of Solomon.

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This poem, called the greatest song Song of Songs is a love dialogue between a man and woman, praising and wooing each other and recounting the highlights of their love. A chorus of other women sings as well, most notably to ask the woman what is so special about her beloved that they should help her seek him.

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Although this poem has a long history in Judaism and Christianity of being allegorized to speak of God and his people, more recent scholarship has seen that the work is first and foremost an erotic Eros -driven, romantic one. If any allegorical meaning is there, it is secondary. The second example is perhaps more glorious even than the Song of Solomon; this is the story of Hosea and Gomer. Hosea is a prophet told by God to marry a loose woman, who eventually embraces full prostitution.

Every time she cheats on and rejects him, Hosea, led by God, keeps her and provides for her and her children fathered by other men, even though she does not know it. In the New Testament, this story is filled out and colored in, and we see God the husband come down in human form and die for His wayward bride. She, the Church, is now free from the shackles of her former captor and enemy, Satan. Though she is still subject to his attacks and harassments, she is no longer under his ravaging control or destined to stay with him. Her husband and king, the Lord Jesus, will one day return as a conqueror and finally defeat Satan and bring his bride to a perfect palace, a garden city.

Storge Affection as Lewis calls it is there too. It can be felt for a pet as much as for a family member or regular acquaintance. We can feel it for friends too, but friendship is its own thing which I will address below. God feels this for us insofar as He is our Parent and we His adopted children. Though she may forget, I will not forget you! The love we should feel for everyone is Agape. Some overlap is certainly there between Agape and Storge, but we need to clarify what Agape is, because it has been greatly misunderstood.

See also DeuteronomyLeviticusExodus As for us, to be saved and counted in Christ, we must confess with our mouths that He is Lord and believe that God raised him from the dead Romans We are also told to bear fruit and examine ourselves to see if we are in Christ 2 Corinthians ; so, our assurance is conditional upon our works, although our salvation is not.

These verses all reveal the conditional nature of our relationship to God. I am not in any way denying that. So if Agape is not unconditional love, what kind of love is it? It is the deepest, purest kind of love, unconcerned for self. The main difference between Hesed and Agape is that Hesed seems to be one-way, God-to-human, whereas Agape can go both ways between man and God, and person to person. Love never fails. And at the same time, we must affirm that God loves His Son and those of us who are in His Son—His bride—unendingly, incorruptibly, unchangingly, and forever.

There is a tension here, to be sure. We find Agape throughout Scripture. They gave generously even in the midst of their own afflictions 2 Corinthians But most of all, we see Agape love in Christ on the cross, giving Himself up for His enemies. Nothing more selflessly loving can be imagined. John What of the last Greek word for love? Its opposite is called phobia.

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So with humans: we just mix with and are attracted to certain people, and become fast friends with them. This is not an affection that comes from kinship or long contact. Lewis argues that in most cases, a shared interest or viewpoint or activity fosters the growth of friendship. Of course, friends also have interest in each other, but, at least among men, this is usually secondary to the shared thing.

James in says that whoever would be a friend philos of the world makes himself an enemy of God. The first example of powerful friend love that came to my mind for this section was that of David and Johnathan. In that John verse, Jesus says greater agape has no one than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.

Agape shows up in Philia too.

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This is a high honor that Jesus pays to friendship; in it we are capable of the greatest kind of love, shown in self-sacrifice. This is exactly what Jesus did. Jesus lived out His own words of two verses earlier when He died on the cross for us, for His friends. Of course, all the loves bleed into each other and overlap in some ways. Some can be present simultaneously in certain relationships. I would argue that Agape is needed in some measure in every relationship of love. ErosStorgeand Philiato be true loves, need Agape.

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In a strict definitional sense, we can isolate what makes each of the four distinct and get at its essence. But in practice, I think at least two of the four either will be present at all times, or should be. In whatever you do in your life, as you go through each day, you will be living on, observing, or receiving at least one of these four loves.

They are inescapable parts of life and blessings from God. More importantly, they are reflections of His divine nature. God Himself, after all, is love 1 John Let us be imitators of God Ephesians and love all those around usfollowing His great example. Is Smoking Marijuana Sinful? Privacy Policy.

Why should God let you into Heaven? Do you know the answer? Are you confident in your salvation? Noah Nevils Aug 13, Blog 0 comments. up today and receive encouragement, updates, help, and more straight in your inbox.

Word love in bible

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