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ing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. Construction started according to the de, and under the direction, of Lieutenant-Colonel John By. About 50 dams were necessary to control the water levels at rapids on the Rideau and Cataraqui rivers. The 46 originally 49 locks in use raise vessels 83 m from the Ottawa River to the portage channel at Newboro, whence vessels descend 50 m to Lake Ontario at Kingston. The construction of the Rideau Canal - built in virgin forest with all work being done by hand - caused great hardship to its Irish labourers, many of whom died of malaria.
Finished in after 5 summer working seasons, with up to men being employed by the Royal Engineers and appointed contractors, the canal ranks among the greatest early civil-engineering works of North America. Lieutenant-Colonel By located his headquarters at the junction of the Ottawa and Rideau rivers and started a small settlement, first named Bytown in his honour but renamed Ottawa in Although it carried freight and passengers in small steamboats for a century, the Rideau Canal was never economically viable, and is now used entirely by pleasure craft.
Most of the original locks and canal cuts are still in use, and, except for 3 hydraulic locks, all are still operated by the muscle power of lock staff cranking the distinctive "crab" winches. Its stone walls, ponds and bridges have preserved a quiet beauty along its course through the city of Ottawa, and in the wintertime it provides one of the world's most famous skating rinks.
Inyears after the beginning of the canal's construction, it was deated a national historic site. In it became part of the Canadian Heritage Rivers System.
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From Parks Canada. Search The Canadian Encyclopedia. Remember me. I forgot my password. Why up? Create. Suggest an Edit. suggested edit s to this article in the form field below. Accessed 07 October In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published April 27, ; Last Edited March 22, Legget, "Rideau Canal". The Canadian Encyclopedias. Thank you for your submission Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia.
Article by Maxwell W. FinkelsteinRobert F. Next. Skating on the world's longest rink, the Rideau Canal, Ottawa. A reflective evening view of the Rideau canal in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, with a view of the Chateau Laurier, the Government conference Center and Quebec in the distance under the bridge. Photo taken on: November 17, Maxwell W.Where is the rideau canal located
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